This subject of the EUTR Information offers an replace on the operation of the EU’s regulation to handle unlawful logging, the EU Timber Regulation (EUTR), from October to December 2019. As with all of our earlier editions, this subject will embrace data on what each the European Fee and EU Member States are doing to make sure the right utility of the EUTR, and supply updates on related laws internationally.
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- EUTR Information – July to September 2019
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1. European Fee assist to implementation and enforcement of the EUTR
The European Fee hosted the 26th Professional Group Assembly on the EUTR and FLEGT Regulation and printed a Communication on The European Inexperienced Deal and its Roadmap. The EU Council printed its conclusions on the Communication on Stepping up EU Motion to Defend and Restore the World’s Forests.
European Fee FLEGT/EUTR Professional Group conferences
The European Fee printed minutes and displays from the 25th FLEGT/EUTR Professional Group assembly, which came about on 12th September 2019. The assembly included discussions on threat evaluation concerning timber imports from Myanmar, with a conclusion that it’s nonetheless not attainable for timber coming from Myanmar to have a negligible threat of unlawful harvest. That is particularly on account of inadequate entry to the relevant laws and documentation from governmental sources. The Fee famous that the issues stay unchanged in Brazil. Displays got on LesEGAIS (the Russian Federation’s wooden monitoring instrument) and on surveys of EUTR Operators all through the EU and in Germany. DG OLAF (European Anti-Fraud Workplace) introduced on their position in enforcement actions, corresponding to joint checks and inspections with Competent Authorities to determine tendencies and systemic breaches of customs laws.
The FLEGT/EUTR Professional Group held its 26th assembly on 12th December 2019. The agenda of the assembly included sharing of data on the Inexperienced Deal and Fee actions primarily based on the Deforestation Communication. The minutes of the assembly will probably be obtainable on-line quickly.
Conclusions of the EU Council on the Communication to cease deforestation
The EU Council printed its conclusions on the Communication on Stepping up EU Motion to Defend and Restore the World’s Forests on 16th December 2019. Within the Conclusions, the Council and Member States welcome the Communication and state that they’re deeply involved that present insurance policies and motion on the international stage on the conservation, restoration and sustainable administration of forests are inadequate to halt deforestation. To be able to cut back the EU’s consumption footprint on land, the Council requests that the Fee expeditiously undertakes the evaluation of further demand-side regulatory and non-regulatory measures and produces the respective proposals. The Council additionally underlines the necessity for enhanced implementation of the EUTR. A partnership strategy with producer nations to fight deforestation and forest degradation and to enhance livelihood is beneficial, by requesting the Fee to think about how the expertise of making ready and implementing Voluntary Partnership Agreements might be relevant to commodities apart from timber, within the context of potential supply-side assist for producing nations. Additionally they suggest proposing, for all new related complete EU commerce agreements, particular provisions on sustainable forest administration and sustainable and deforestation-free agricultural commodities.
The European Fee’s Inexperienced Deal
The Fee’s Communication on The European Inexperienced Deal and its Roadmap, printed on 11th December 2019, embrace parts on each tropical and European forests. It features a new EU Forest Technique overlaying the entire forest cycle and selling the numerous companies that forests present. Constructing on the Communication on Stepping up EU Motion to Defend and Restore the World’s Forests, the Fee will take measures, each regulatory and in any other case, to advertise imported merchandise and worth chains that don’t contain deforestation and forest degradation.
2. Member State enforcement of the EUTR
France issued a fantastic to an organization for breaching the EUTR. Based mostly on surveys WWF carried out with EUTR competent authorities of 16 Member States between October 2018 and March 2019, they printed an enforcement overview of the EUTR. WWF additionally submitted a substantiated concern concerning Oak from Ukraine being bought in Austria, primarily based on a report by Addendum.
France issued a fantastic for breach of the EUTR
In accordance with Le Commerce du Bois, France has issued an administrative fantastic of €5,000 to the corporate ‘Carbon Market’ for breaching the EUTR. On 24th June 2019, a French administrative authority issued a proper discover towards Carbon Market, giving them one month to arrange a due diligence system for his or her imports that included an evaluation of the danger and the mitigation measures taken by the corporate. In its administrative order, the French authority highlighted the foremost non-conformity with the EUTR together with the shortage of rigorous threat evaluation concerning Carbon Market’s imports and the shortage of threat mitigation processes, although the corporate imports from excessive threat profile nations Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Cameroon, Gabon and Congo). Nonetheless In accordance with Le Commerce du Bois, in September 2019, Carbon Market knowledgeable the French Competent Authority (CA) that it had a contract for an upcoming audit of all of its suppliers. Nonetheless, the French CA determined that whereas this contract would possibly safe future imports, it was not ok to indicate due diligence had been undertaken for previous imports.
World Witness’ report ‘Patrons Beware’, printed in March 2019, names Carbon Market, though it isn’t clear if there’s a hyperlink between this report and the fantastic issued by the French Authorities.
WWF Enforcement Evaluation of the EUTR
The WWF Enforcement Evaluation of the EUTR is predicated on surveys WWF carried out with EUTR competent authorities of 16 Member States between October 2018 and March 2019. The report identifies implementation gaps in addition to good practices, which don’t essentially apply to all 16 Member States, though lots of the gaps and shortcomings seem widespread and widespread. The report offers suggestions for Member States and the European Fee, together with:
- The Fee ought to perform a radical evaluation of penalties and sanctions at nationwide stage and their deterrent impact, and arrange a multi-stakeholder platform to debate findings;
- Checks at nationwide stage must be carried out primarily based on recurrently up to date inspection plans, utilizing the most recent obtainable data, cowl each home and imported timber merchandise and their threat stage to be unlawful, and set clear targets and timelines for inspection plans;
- Capacities at nationwide stage have to be strengthened to make sure good protection of operators and permit for normal and frequent checks.
WWF substantiated concern concerning Oak from Ukraine being bought in Austria
Addendum, an Austrian investigative and knowledge journalism platform run by Quo Vadis Veritas, printed a report on the ‘timber mafia’ in early December, the place they investigated high-end Austrian parquet flooring producers. Between January 2018 and Might 2019, Addendum discovered that 4 Austrian corporations bought a mixed 8,300 tonnes of lamellas (the highest Styrian Oak layer used to provide parquet flooring) price greater than greater than $35m from Tayfun and Tsunami – timber corporations primarily based in western Ukraine near the Carpathian forests and linked to unlawful logging, corruption and cash laundering. Based mostly on Addendum’s report, WWF Germany despatched a substantiated concern to the Austrian Competent Authority on 19th December 2019 concerning the 4 Austrian firms discovered to be importing from Ukraine.
3. Different EU and worldwide updates
Within the EU and internationally, a number of organisations and establishments have been working to handle the issue of unlawful logging. The 2019 SPOTT Palm Oil assessments had been launched by ZSL together with the addition of 30 new palm oil firms.
2020 World Discussion board on Forest Governance – dates introduced
The subsequent World Discussion board on Forest Governance will happen at Chatham Home on 13-14 July 2020.
The 2019 SPOTT Palm Oil assessments launched by ZSL
This yr’s assessments noticed the addition of 30 new palm oil firms, together with palm oil crushers and refiners, offering a a lot bigger snapshot of the state of transparency within the palm oil sector. In complete, 99 firms had been assessed towards 181 environmental, social and governance (ESG) indicators that present a measure of company transparency.
4. Publications and sources
Over the previous three months, many publications and sources have been launched. Under is a collection of sources and publications that purpose to tell stakeholders throughout the EU and internationally on progress and key parts associated to the EUTR.
Enforcement of the European commerce of timber in 2018 – Forest Tendencies
Forest Tendencies assessed the most recent United Nations (UN) Comtrade knowledge for 2018, in addition to different sources, for the hyperlinks between commerce and enforcement exercise. The research discovered that EU imports of forest merchandise underneath the scope of the EUTR reached a excessive of $175 billion in 2018, up 12% from 2017. Imports of EUTR-regulated forest merchandise from Ukraine declined 33% between July and December 2018, bucking the upward development over the earlier two years, whereas imports from Myanmar elevated by 50% between 2017 and 2018. Indonesian forest-product exports to European markets elevated by 23% in worth since 2013 with a 9% enhance since November 2016, when Indonesia began to subject FLEGT licenses. The research highlighted that EUTR enforcement is evolving, with enforcement officers more and more specializing in issuing monetary penalties and contemplating new applied sciences to test for fraud and mismanagement in traceability techniques.
Rosewood revealed, a brand new instrument from EIA
The Environmental Investigation Company (EIA) launched a web-based instrument ‘Rosewood Revealed’ exhibiting the amount and worth of unlawful rosewood imported into China from Ghana each month. For October 2019, it exhibits over 15,220 tons of rosewood, price over US$9.5 million, was exported to China in breach of Ghanaian regulation prohibiting the harvest, transport and export of the species.
This publication has been funded with UK help from the UK authorities. The data contained on this doc is the only real duty of its authors and doesn’t essentially mirror the UK authorities’s official insurance policies.